Maintenance Guide for a Mountain Bike

May 17, 2023Deana Lam
Maintenance Guide for a Mountain Bike

Maintenance Guide for a Mountain Bike:

Mountain bikes getting more and more expensive every day with enhanced attributes and added features. However, buying a mountain bike is the start of your investment. You will keep spending on your bike during its use on its maintenance. We will briefly discuss how to maintain a mountain bike.

We will start by explaining the things that need to be done on a regular basis. This includes:

  • Cleaning: This should be the first and foremost duty of a mountain bike owner to clean his bike daily before use. Ensure thorough removal of dust, mud, and debris from the critical components of the bike by washing them with water using soap or shampoo. This dust if keeps attached to the bike can absorb grease and lubricants. Thereby, leaving the critical parts of the bike dry.
  • Checking tire pressure and wheel alignment: Mountain bike owners are advised to keep an air pressure measuring device to maintain desirable tire inflation. Check for any loosening bolts or misalignment in the wheels by moving the tire sideways while holding the fork.
  • Tightening bolts and fasteners: Enhance the durability of your bike by checking the tightening of all bolts and fasteners on important parts daily.
  • Storage of the mountain bike: Store the bike in a dry and secure place and if you a step further by using hooks to elevate the bike from the ground in times of storage then it can give added advantage in terms of the safety of the equipment.


Perform thorough checks on the following components after every month of use or 5 to 7 rides:

  • Check brake pads: If you are riding in wet conditions then it is advisable to check brake pads more often. Replace the pads if they are worn out and also adjust the tension in the brake according to your suitability.
  • Fork air pressure: It is important to check fork air pressure like tire air pressure because it also decreases with time. Checking it on a monthly basis is an appropriate time.
  • Lubricate the chain: Buy an ad-hoc lubricant made for bicycles and use it to lubricate the chain of your mountain bike. This reduces friction for smooth riding and enhances the life of the chain by preventing rust.


Every 3 to 6 months is a time your bike’s critical parts need to get a makeover. This includes:

  • Inspect the drive train: The main components of the drive train are the chain, cassette, derailleur pulleys, and chainrings. If they seem worn out that immediately replace them. Also, inspect cables for proper functioning.
  • Inspect the tires: Carefully inspect the sidewalls and tubeless tire sealant at regular intervals. If the sealant is found to be low, add more as necessary. Additionally, check for cuts, bulges, and excessive wear on the tires, and replace them if needed.
  • Check hydraulic brake fluid: For mountain bikes equipped with hydraulic brakes, it is recommended to replace the hydraulic brake oil if it darkens in color within a specific period, depending on your usage.


Lastly, the main part comes after you have used your bike for about 6 months to one year. This requires:

  • Service rear shock: If the shock starts making a wheezing or clunking sound after six months to one year of intense use then it means it needs to be fully serviced. The service of the rear shock is a complex task that is not carry on a self-done basis. Rather a bike owners need to take their bikes to a dedicated workshop for mountain bikes to get it done.
  • Service frame: After one year the frame may have developed certain cracks, dents, or damage due to the adventurous undertaking of the mountain bike.  This will require the frame to be fully dissembled and then cleaned, its bearing replaced and other damage welded. Then it can be reassembled for further use.


Keep in mind that these aren’t hard and fast intervals but rather general guideline recommendations for the average rider. The frequency of maintenance varies with the frequency of use of the mountain bike and the kinds of tracks you ride on and also depends on the climate of the area where you live and go mountain biking.

We have tried to cover everything related to the maintenance of mountain bikes. However, if you’re unsure about any maintenance task, seek assistance from a professional bike shop. Maximize your mountain biking experience and get the most out of your trusted two-wheeled companion by investing time and effort into bike maintenance.